Frank Lloyd Wright’s Influence on Bauhaus Architecture

Anyone who knows anything Frank Lloyd Wrightabout art knows that it is cyclical in nature.  OKaufmann Housene person influences one another person and that person goes on to influence another etc.  With architecture the same thing happens.  The legendary architect, interior designer, writer, and educator Frank Lloyd Wright who designed more than 1,000 structures during his lifetime demonstrates this principle.  Wright’s design philosophy exemplified the principle of creating a certain oneness with nature.  (This can be seen in the Kaufmann House which is sometimes referred to as Falling Water.)  Wright’s ideas influenced Bauhaus architecture by causing it to adopt the principle that the outside of a building should be related to the inside of that building.

An example of the idea that the relationship between the outside and inside of a structure should synch is demonstrated in Bauhaus student Walter Gropius’s des157905017_10ign of The Dessau Labour Exchange.  Both the exterior and interior of the building are circular and show minimal ornamentation.  No doubt that at the same time that Wright influenced Bauhaus students such as Gropius, he was also influenced by the mood there.  In particular, he must have absorbed the international flavor of the various artists there.  Thus, ultimately no artist creates without someone or something influencing him/her and no one lives as rich and full a life as did Wright without profoundly influencing others.  Wright’s influence on the world of architecture can be demonstrated not just by the many structures he designed but also by the many Bauhaus students that he influenced.

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